About Us


Preventive Maintenance is Not a Static Plan
On February 20, 2018, U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB) Chairwoman Vanessa Allen Sutherland and CI President Frank Reiner issued a joint safety statement stressing the importance of reviewing and updating preventive maintenance programs, "Preventive Maintenance is Not a Static Plan."  The statement marks the launch a collaboration between CI and the CSB to help improve safety awareness and performance. Read more...

New Edition of Pamphlet 21, Nitrogen Trichloride – A Collection of Reports and Papers, Now Available for Download!
The latest edition of Pamphlet 21) Nitrogen Trichloride - A Collection of Reports and Papers is now available only the in bookstore for free download.  One major upgrade to this pamphlet is that the entire 350+ page document is now text searchable!  This pamphlet is unique because it does not offer guidance*, but unpublished reference material about nitrogen trichloride.  All the papers in the previous edition remain in the pamphlet.  This edition include these new works:

There were also a few changes to the Forward, including adding a paragraph acknowledging that other literature on nitrogen trichloride exists, but the works contained in Pamphlet 21 are largely unpublished.

* Pamphlet 152) Safe Handling of Chlorine Containing Nitrogen Trichloride offers nitrogen trichloride guidance and is also available for free download from our bookstore.

New Edition of Pamphlet 17, Packaging Plant Safety and Operational Guidelines, Now Available for Download!
The latest edition of Pamphlet 17) Packaging Plant Safety and Operational Guidelines is now available on bookstore for free download.  The pamphlet underwent major changes, including updating guidance on:


Smaller changes to clarify guidance were added throughout the pamphlet, including additional pictures and figures.  Additionally, section 2.5.6, Facility Maintenance and section 10.2.2, Auto-Refrigeration, and Appendix C – Chlorine Ton and Cylinder Inventory Accountability are entirely new.

CSB Releases Video and Case Study on Accidental Mixing Incident
The Chemical Safety Board (CSB) released its forty-eight page Case Study and eleven-minute video on an accidental mixing incident involving the inadvertent unloading of 30% sulfuric acid into a sodium hypochlorite storage tank. 

The incident is an instructive one, as the Case Study details contributing factors that include: close proximity of fill lines for incompatible materials, indistinguishable fill lines for incompatible materials, insufficient pipe marking/labeling, insufficient and inconsistent unloading procedures, no practice of identifying procedure deviations and ensure compliance with procedures, insufficient training, lack of automatic emergency shutoff for unloading process, poor ventilation system design, improper storage of and access to escape respirators, and  insufficient communication between various parties (driver to operator, at plant shift change, to emergency responders and hospital, to the public).

CI has recommendations on accidental mixing prevention in many of its publications, which address most of the factors noted above:

All the pamphlets listed above are available for free download on CI's bookstore.  Additionally, the Product Stewardship Issue Team is developing an accidental mixing video which is expected to be completed in 2018.  The Case Study, Video, and additional pictures are available on CSB's website.

Thank you,

Robyn Brooks, Senior Director - Health, Environment, Safety and Security &
Robyn Kinsley, Vice President, Transportation & Emergency Preparedness

3Q Release
Chlorine Institute Issues New Chlorine Training DVD and HCl Guidance; Holds Final 2017 TRANSCAER® Training Event & Webinars. Reade more...

ICIS Focus Article - Boquet and Frank Reiner Discuss Reducing Human Error
In this ICIS Focus article, Fall Meeting Kick-off Speaker and safety expert Prof. Albert Boquet and Frank Reiner discuss how to reduce human error and promote safety in the chlor-alkali industry. Read more...

Comments Submitted on Asbestos Scope of the Risk Evaluation
On September 19, 2017 CI submitted comments on the EPA’s scope of the risk evaluation for asbestos.  The comment letter urges EPA to use of chlor-alkali specific data to evaluate asbestos for chlorine production condition of use.  To read the full letter and EPA’s call for comments, please refer to the HESS Government Activity webpage.

North and South America’s First Chlor-Alkali Technology Symposium
AGC Chemicals Americas Inc. is sponsoring an educational and networking event for chlor-alkali producers of all levels of experience. The symposium will be held October 4-6, 2017 at the Ritz-Carlton Orlando, Grande Lakes Resort and will feature technology presentations given by membrane specialists and chlor-alkali technology leaders. Presentation topics range from basic membrane operation and function to brine management, voltage monitoring and other ways to improve the facility performance. Presenters include experts from IHS Markit, Olin, Asahi Glass Corporation, DeNora, tkUCE, Inovyn (formerly Ineos), R2, Prince Rubber and AGC Chemicals.

Qualified personnel from companies that produce caustic soda/caustic potash in electrolysis plants in North or South America can attend the conference sessions and networking events free of charge by registering on the event website at www.chloralkalitech.com. The deadline for special room rates ends soon, so reserve your room today!

Electrochemical Society Article Highlights CI’s Safety Efforts
CI’s safety leadership efforts were put on display in the latest edition of Interface, the quarterly publication by the Electrochemical Society. The article, Chlor-alkali Production, Safety and Leadership, is available on CI’s website (to view the rest of the magazine, use the Issuu magazine viewer).

Here is the article’s abstract:

“Chlorine and its family of chemicals including sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), sodium hypochlorite (bleach), sodium chloride (salt) and polyvinyl chloride play vital roles as building blocks for important products in medicine, pharmaceuticals, electronics, construction, security, agriculture and more.  Yet, chlorine’s useful chemical properties can present a hazard, so for nearly a century, the chlor-alkali industry has led the way in promoting safety across the value chain, including transportation and customers.  This article details how the chlor-alkali industry moved from “process to process safety” and beyond, through an ongoing, common-sense safety program built upon three key elements:  1) sharing best practices; 2) education and training; and 3) partnering and collaboration with government and other allies.  The industry’s goal of for its members is “Zero Injuries.  Zero leaks.  Zero Incidents,” and “Zero excuses!”   Achieving this objective is difficult, but the industry “is committed to both continuous improvement and to sharing its growing knowledge base” and leads the value chain’s efforts to do the same.”      

CI offers the Quad Cities Rail Safety and Hazardous Materials Emergency Response Training CI’s
TRANSCAER® Chlorine Tour event in the Quad Cities drew 73 attendees and earned local TV and newspaper coverage.

CI Support Letter for Work of DHS’s Chemical Security Analysis Center
The Chemical Security Analysis Center within the Department of Homeland Security, is facing serious budget cuts in the proposed budget.  CSAC was established in 2006 to identify and assess chemical threats and vulnerabilities in the United States and develop the best responses to potential chemical hazards.  Over the years, CI has maintained a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with CSAC, and through that partnership has worked with CSAC to provide chemical handling support of the Jack Rabbit large-scale chlorine trials.  CSAC’s world class scientists performed the modeling work in Pamphlet 74) Guidance on Estimating the Area Affected By A Chlorine Release.  CI values and supports the work of CSAC, and wrote a support letter; read the full text here.

CI Issues 2Q Release Highlighting New Customer Safety & Security Checklist
Click here to view the release. 

CI Supports EPA’s Evaluation of new RMP Rule
CI members aim for zero releases at their operating facilities and understand voluntary best practices and regulatory oversight are both needed to prevent incidents.  For this reason, CI supports the EPA’s efforts to promulgate the most effective RMP rule.  Read the comment letter, submitted 5/19/16, here.

Two Succesful TRANSCAER® Events Complete
Richmond, CA
Seattle, WA

First Quarter Pamphlet Release
CI fulfills its safety mission in part through the work of volunteers from our member organizations. This release describes the safety pamphlets and other materials that were revised or published since the end of December, and we thank all those who contributed their time and expertise to ensure we have the right materials to "Aim for Zero." The full release can be found here. 

CI Welcomes Four New Board Members
At the Annual General Meeting on March 14th four new members were elected to The Chlorine Institute Board of Directors:

CI appreciates the willingness of each of these new board members to provide their time and talents to the betterment of the industry.  They are welcome additions to the existing board of 14 who provide strategic guidance and oversight to CI’s ongoing efforts to enhance safety and security performance.  Please offer your support and congratulations as these four individuals take on their new role.

CI’s Letter Opposing the Elimination of the CSB
CI strongly supports the work of the Chemical Safety Board (CSB).  Facing its possible complete elimination, CI sent letters to the White House, Senate Committee on Appropriations, and the House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations.  Read the letter here. 

WCC Global Safety Team
The Global Safety Team is one of the committees of the World Chlorine Council.  CI has been an active participant since the GST’s founding.  One of the major initiatives of the GST is its quarterly newsletter which provides a great opportunity for sharing of experience from all regions of the world.  The first quarter 2017 edition is linked here.  

Comments Submitted on Asbestos Risk Evaluation
On March 14, 2017 CI submitted comments on the EPA’s risk evaluation of asbestos.  The comment letter details the historical and current use of asbestos in chlorine productison, CI member efforts and guidance to safely handle asbestos, EPA’s historical view on the asbestos use in chlorine production, and the position use of asbestos in chlorine production should safely continue.  To read the full letter and EPA’s call for comments, please refer to the HESS Government Activity webpage.

Mayo Award 
SRS' Terry Rockwell is this year's Peter M. Mayo Award Recipient.

New Orleans (March 15, 2017) – Terry Lee Rockwell, Vice President of Operations, Special Operations Group, for Specialized Response Solutions (SRS) in Ft. Worth, TX, received The Chlorine Institute’s 2017 Peter M. Mayo Award at the Institute’s Annual Meeting in New Orleans. The full release can be found here. 

Fort Worth Star Telegram - Pete Mayo Award Winner Terry Rockwell

Safety Recognition
CI Recognizes 12 Facilities That Earned "Diamond Level" Recognition for Safety & Environmental Performance.  They "Aimed for Zero" and they hit the mark! The full release can be found here. 

Diamond Safety - Cornwall Standard Freeholder 

NEW Video Available for Preventing NARs from Caustic Railcars
The Transportation Issue team has developed a video that provides guidance for preventing non-accident releases (NARs) from caustic (sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH) and potassium hydroxide solution (KOH)) railcars.  Topics covered include the definition of an NAR, U.S. Department of Transportation incident reporting requirements, loader and unloader responsibilities, best practices to reduce caustic railcar NARs and available guidance and resources, such as additional Chlorine Institute guidance.  This video is now available in the CI Bookstore.

CI Comments on EPA’s Biologically Based Dose Response (BBDR) Models for the Effect of Perchlorate on Thyroid Hormones in the Infant, Breast Feeding Mother, Pregnant Mother, and Fetus: Model Development, Revision, and Preliminary Dose-Response Analyses
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a Request for Public Comments To Be Sent to EPA on Peer Review Materials To Inform the Safe Drinking Water Act Decision Making on Perchlorate in the Federal Register on Friday, September 30, 2016. The EPA's draft model report entitled “Biologically Based Dose Response Models for the Effect of Perchlorate on Thyroid Hormones in the Infant, Breast Feeding Mother, Pregnant Mother, and Fetus: Model Development, Revision, and Preliminary Dose-Response Analyses” is available electronically and can be accessed using the Public Docket at http://www.regulations.gov. (Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0438).

The Chlorine Institute submitted a comment letter on November 23, 2016 with comments related to the draft model. The full letter may be viewed by clicking here.

OSHA Responds to CI’s Inquiry
OSHA responded to a letter from CI, sent in November 2015, asking for clarification on the conflicting (now rescinded) June 5, 2015 memorandum claiming any concentration of hydrochloric acid is subject to Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation.  Although the issue was resolved in the July 2016 superseding memorandum, CI received a direct answer to its letter in early December 2016.  The full letter may be viewed by clicking here.

The Jack Rabbit Tests: Catastrophic Releases of Compressed Liquefied Gases
Millions of tons of chlorine are shipped annually throughout the United States. Despite the excellent record of safe transportation, bulk chlorine shipments represent a low-frequency/high-consequence response scenario that will challenge virtually all emergency response agencies. Compounding the vulnerabilities transportation emergencies present is the use of chlorine as a terrorist weapon in Iraq, Syria, and other Middle East countries. Knowing the behavior of chlorine in a large-scale release scenario is critical in applying a risk-based response (RBR) process for these scenarios, which is critical to successfully managing a hazardous materials incident. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 472, Standard for the Competence of Responders to HM/WMD Incidents, defines RBR as a systematic process in which responders analyze a problem involving hazmats; assess the hazards; evaluate the potential consequences; and determine appropriate response actions based on facts, science, and the incident’s circumstances. Knowing the behavior of the container involved and its contents are critical in determining whether responders should and can intervene.

For emergency responders, this article is an overview of the Jack Rabbit program, which is designed to help further understand the behavior and the consequences of large-scale chlorine and anhydrous ammonia releases.

To read more, type the name of the article (above) or copy this link http://www.fireengineering.com/articles/print/volume-169/issue-11/features/the-jack-rabbit-tests-catastrophic-releases-of-compressed-liquefied-gases.html into a web browser to view the full article or register with the Fire Engineering Training Network to access the article.

Recycling and Chlor-alkali Industries Join Forces to Promote Compressed Gas Container Safety Press Release 
(Washington, DC) – As part of its outreach efforts during National Safety Month, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI), in collaboration with The Chlorine Institute, announced the release of an educational toolkit to help recyclers safely handle hazardous compressed gas containers entering their facilities. The toolkit promotes the message, “Stop, Look, Think, Call,” educating workers in the recycling industry to better identify potential hazards, determine the situation, and call appropriate emergency responders or experts if necessary. Read more...

CI Promotes Robyn Kinsley to VP, Transportation and Emergency Preparedness, Hires New Director of Outreach, Erica Bernstein Press Release
Arlington, VA (June 22, 2016) – CI President Frank Reiner announced the promotion of Robyn Kinsley to Vice President, Transportation and Emergency Preparedness and the appointment of Erica Bernstein to the new position of Director of Outreach. Read more...

New Revision Released - Pamphlet 95, Gaskets for Chlorine Service
The latest revision of Pamphlet 95, Gaskets for Chlorine Service, is now available for download from the members-only portion of the website as well as the bookstore.  This revision was updated to include rail car gaskets and other gasket updates.

TRANSCAER Reaches 30-Year Milestone Helping Keep Emergency Responders, Communities Safe.
This year marks the 30th anniversary of TRANSCAER (Transportation Community Awareness and Emergency Response), a vital safety initiative that has provided countless first responders with invaluable training to help them respond to transportation incidents involving hazardous materials. Read More...

Allied Universal's Jim Palmer Named Chairman of The Chlorine Institute

Arlington, VA (May 10, 2016) - President and CEO Jim Palmer of Miami, FL-based Allied Universal Corporation was elected chair of The Chlorine Institute at this year's board meeting. He succeeds outgoing chair John Brenon of Occidental Chemical Corporation, whose term concluded in April.

"The board, our members and our staff are very pleased that Jim will assume the duties of chairman," CI President Frank Reiner said. "We thank John for his outstanding service, and recognize that Jim's leadership, business experience, and commitment to the Institute's safety mission, make him the right choice to guide us as CI members continue to ‘Aim for Zero' incidents, releases and injuries."

Mr. Palmer has more than 35 years of experience in the chemical business, including 21 years at Allied Universal, a leading company in the water treatment chemical and swimming pool industry. At Allied, he served as General Manager, Chief Operating Officer and for the last 11 years, as President and CEO.

A five-year veteran of the CI board, Mr. Palmer is an active member of CI's Product Stewardship Issue Team and the Packager/Sodium Hypochlorite Council. He also has chaired numerous CI Task Groups. Mr. Palmer is actively engaged in other arenas as well, including the National Association of Chemical Distributors, the National Science Foundation and United Way of Broward County (FL). He earned his BS in Chemistry from the University of Evansville.

"I am honored to be The Chlorine Institute's next chair," Mr. Palmer said. "When it comes to safety, The Chlorine Institute means business, and I look forward to working with our members to make sure the business of safety is successful for the entire value chain."